미국수의사 – 2019 AAHA Canine Life Stage Guidelines

미국동물병원협회(AAHA)에서는 6개월-1년에 한 번씩 Health check-up을 권장한다.

Definition of life stages

Puppy; 6-9month
Young adult; 1-4yr
Mature adult; 4-7yr
Senior; 7yr-12yr
End of Life

Using life stages to individualize patient care

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Zoonoses and Human Safety

Veterinarians play a crucial role in protecting dogs, their families, and the public from exposure to zoonotic diseases; rabies, leptospirosis, microsporum canis, brucellosis, toxocariasis.

Behavior

Because behavior problems continue to be a significant cause of relinquishment and euthanasia, it is essential that behavioral evaluations and interventions be incorporated into each patient’s veterinary visit.

Nutritional assessment

Nutritional assessment should be a part of every visit to the veterinary practice. Pet owner education is paramount, as there is a wealth of information and misinformation available outside.

Parasite control

Despite the widespread availability of safe and effective treatments, internal and external parasites remain common in dogs, particularly in those who do not receive routine veterinary care; heartworm, intestinal parasites, fleas, and ticks.

Vaccination

Every dogs should receive immunization with core vaccines for rabies virus, canine distemper virus, canine parvovirus, and canine adenovirus-2.

Dental care

Because so many dogs are affected by dental and periodontal disease, dental care must be incorporated into each dog’s preventive healthcare plan and discussed at every visit. Pet owner education is paramount to ensure proper dental care throughout the dog’s life.

Reproductive health

AAHA recommends that all dogs not intended for deliberate breeding be spayed or castrated. Sterilized dogs of both sexes have greater average lifespans than intact dogs.

Breed-specific considerations

Breeds are recognized by phenotypic characteristics, but the accompanying inherited genetics also drive breed-specific physiology, anatomy, clinical pathology, and disease predisposition; red blood cell mass in sighthounds, UPC in Wheaton terriers, urinary bladder ultrasound in Scottish terriers, collie eye screening, hip dysplasia screening.

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